“Export” is defined very broadly to include any oral, written, electronic or visual disclosure, shipment transfer or transmission of commodities, technology, information, technical data, assistance or software codes to

  • Anyone outside of the U.S. (including US citizen)
  • A non-US individual (wherever they are)
  • A foreign embassy or affiliate

The Departments of Commerce, State and Treasury are the primary agencies in charged with the implementation and enforcement of export regulations. Each of the Departments is responsible for different areas of exports, though there are times when jurisdiction may overlap. The Department of Commerce regulates the export of items and information that have civil applications, the Department of State regulates the export of items that have military applications or that relate to space, and the Department of the Treasury enforces country-specific embargoes and financial sanctions on individuals, organizations and countries.


More information from these agencies can be found through the links below.

U.S. Department
Office/section responsible for export controls
Items controlled


Office of Foreign Assets Controls (OFAC)

Foreign Assets Control Regulations (FACR)

Sanctions programs can govern travel abroad, transactions with foreign individuals and entities or in specific foreign countries, and export and import of items.


Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS)

Export Administration Regulations (EAR)

Dual-use goods, software, and technology predominantly civilian in nature but may include military applications.

Antiboycott provisions.


Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC)

International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR)

Defense articles and technical data. Goods, software, or information specifically designed, developed, or modified for military or intelligence application.

Defense services.