The Office of Science and Technology Federal Research Misconduct Policy (2000) defines research misconduct as "fabrication, falsification, or plagiarism in proposing, performing, or reviewing research, or in reporting research results". The policy acknowledges that research misconduct should be distinguished from honest error or differences of opinion. In recognition of this policy, the University and the Faculty of Arts and Sciences (FAS) have established policies and procedures and created structures to foster a proper research environment, to support and monitor research activities, and to deal promptly and effectively with misconduct or allegations of misconduct in research. The Committee on Professional Conduct (CPC) handles allegations of research misconduct involving FAS investigators.
Procedures for Responding to Allegations of Misconduct in Research outlines the procedures for responding to allegations brought against individuals who are involved with the design, conduct, or reporting of research in the FAS. The procedures are designed to ascertain the truth and to protect the rights both of individuals accused of misconduct and of others whose reputations may be brought into question.